Successful surgical weight loss can improve the quality of a patient’s life. It can lead to long-term weight control and reduce the health-related risks of morbid obesity, including diabetes, heart disease, arthritis, sleep apnea, and many other medical conditions. Many patients feel more energetic after surgery and their initial weight loss, which enables a more active lifestyle. Many patients also report an improved self-image and greater confidence after successfully achieving their desired weight loss.
All types of weight loss surgery are considered major operative procedures, and all surgeries carry the risk of complications. The risk for surgery in the obese patient is significantly greater than for the general population. Some of the risks associated with weight loss surgery include, pulmonary complications due to the stress of excess weight on the chest and lung cavities, blood clots, leaks or perforations of the stomach, and infections. In rare cases, the risks and complications can be fatal.