When a laparoscopic operation is performed, a small camera is inserted in the abdomen.  The surgeon views the procedure on a separate video monitor.

The camera and surgical instruments are inserted through small incisions made in the abdominal wall.  This approach is considered less invasive because it replaces the need for one long incision to open the abdomen.  Benefits, as compared with open surgery, may include a marked decrease in surgery-related discomfort, reduced time in hospital and hospital costs, and an earlier return to a full, productive lifestyle.