Heart attack treatment in St. Petersburg, Florida
A heart attack is an emergency that requires immediate medical attention. At Palms of Pasadena Hospital, our emergency physicians and cardiologists work together to quickly evaluate patients with chest pain and form a comprehensive treatment plan.
To learn more about our emergency heart attack care, please call our Consult-A-Nurse® team at (855) 245-8328.
A heart attack, also called an acute myocardial infarction, occurs when blood is prevented from reaching the heart. Usually, this results from a clot that blocks an artery that supplies oxygen and blood to the heart.
As the heart muscle goes without proper oxygen and blood supply, tissue begins to die. Timely treatment is crucial to open up the blockage and restore normal blood flow.
At our hospital, we treat all types of heart attacks, including ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). A STEMI heart attack occurs when there is a complete blockage of blood flow in an artery.
Early heart attack warning signs
During a heart attack, time is muscle. Recognizing the early signs of a heart attack can help people acknowledge subtle symptoms and seek care faster. Some common early heart attack symptoms include:
- Back pain
- Chest pressure, squeezing or discomfort
- Feeling of fullness
- Jaw pain
- Pain that travels down one or both arms
- Shortness of breath
Heart attack symptoms
There are several signs that may indicate a heart attack, but not every person will experience all symptoms. Often, men and women display different symptoms.
Some of the symptoms commonly experienced during a heart attack include, but are not limited to:
- Indigestion or fullness that is not relieved with antacids
- Pain or tightness in the chest, arms, jaw, shoulders or upper back
- Shortness of breath
- Unusual onset of fatigue or discomfort in the arms, back, neck or stomach
- Weakness, dizziness, nausea or vomiting
If you have any of these symptoms or you think you may be having a heart attack, call 911 immediately. Do not drive yourself to the hospital.
Heart attack treatment
When a patient arrives at our emergency room (ER) with symptoms of a heart attack, our physicians use specialized heart imaging technology to promptly form a diagnosis. Once a diagnosis is confirmed, our team quickly begins administering the appropriate treatment.
Treatments may vary depending on the severity of a patient's condition. Some patients may be treated with medications, such as blood thinners, and others may require surgery to open up a blockage.
One procedure to treat a heart attack is a balloon angioplasty with coronary stenting. The balloon angioplasty procedure opens up the blocked coronary artery in the heart by inserting a catheter fitted with a tiny balloon. The catheter is navigated to the blocked blood vessel, and the balloon is inflated to widen the narrowed artery.
Sometimes, an angioplasty is performed in combination with coronary stenting, which involves the placement of a stent in the artery to prevent narrowing in the future.
Our cardiac program provides care after a heart attack to help patients improve their heart health for the future.
Risk factors for heart attack
The more risk factors a person identifies with, the more likely they are to experience a heart attack. Risk factors may include:
- Family history of heart disease
- Females 55 years old and older
- Females who are postmenopausal
- High blood pressure (hypertension)
- High "bad" cholesterol
- Low "good" cholesterol
- Males 45 years old and older
- Peripheral artery disease
- Physical inactivity
- Smoking and other tobacco usage
- Symptomatic carotid artery disease
Talk to your doctor about how to manage your risk factors for experiencing a heart attack.
Controlling heart attack risk factors
Some risk factors are controllable, which means proactive steps can be taken to reduce the risk of future heart disease. Lifestyle changes to manage risk factors include:
- Eating a diet low in saturated fat and high in fiber
- Exercising regularly
- Losing weight if you are overweight or obese
- Quitting smoking